Mobility Package

Mobility Package 2, or the Clean Mobility Package, includes several legislative proposals for the road transport sector which aim to accelerate the transition to low and zero emission vehicles and fight climate change.


Clean Vehicles Directive

The Clean Vehicles Directive aims to increase the share of low- and zero-emission vehicles in contracts tendered by public authorities in the 28 EU countries. The Directive obliges public authorities to promote and purchase alternative technologies to conventional diesel vehicles, including vehicles running on electricity, natural gas and hydrogen. Greater demand from public authorities should create market stimulus and therefore wider affordability of these vehicles for all operators.

Revision of the Clean Vehicles Directive

The current Regulation has not been as effective as hoped so the European Commission has proposed making three key changes:

✔ National procurement targets for 2025 and 2030: each Member State would be responsible for deciding how to divide their target on a national level

✔ A new clean vehicles definition

✔ Expansion of scope

National procurement targets

There are different procurement targets for each Member State which are based on their economic capacity and exposure to pollution and which fall within the following ranges:

Trucks 2025 2030
6% - 10% 7% - 15%
Buses 2025 2030
29% - 50% 43-75%
Cars & vans 2025 2030
16% - 35%

Clean Vehicles Definition

Trucks and buses 2025 2030
Use of alternative fuels (to switch to HDV CO2 standards in the near future)

Cars & vans 2025 2030
Cars: 25 CO2 g/km and pollutant emissions 20% below the Euro norms emission limits

Vans: 40 CO2 g/km and pollutant emissions 20% below the Euro norms emission limits
0 CO2 g/km

The new definition for ‘clean’ heavy duty vehicles is based on the list of alternative fuels in the Directive on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure. This is positive as creating a link between demand for vehicles and fuels infrastructure is the clearest way to encourage a shift to alternatively fuelled vehicles.

Blended low-carbon alternatives such as biofuels are one of the best options for operators of long-haul, heavy duty vehicles to lower their CO2 and pollutant emissions. IRU is concerned that only non-blended liquid biofuels, synthetic or paraffinic fuels will be considered as ‘clean’. A focus only on synthetic fuels of 100% will not be cost-effective for many smaller, private operators.

The Directive also obliges authorities to fulfil half of the bus targets using zero-emission buses. There is a concern that the proposed sub-target may be challenging to meet in certain cases. This will be particularly the case for private SME transport operators who have less access to finance to purchase more expensive electric buses. In addition, the zero-emission vehicles sub-targets promote a specific technology while ignoring the source of the electricity and the role of other alternative fuels, such as biomethane, which can be used in blends to reduce CO2 and pollutant emissions.

Extension of the scope

The proposal suggests to extend the scope of the Directive to include public service contracts and the leasing, renting and hire-purchase of road transport vehicles. This proposed change will apply to both public authorities and operators carrying out public service contracts.

Types of transport that would be covered by the Clean Vehicle Directive

  • Public road transport services
  • Special purpose road passenger transport services
  • Non-scheduled passenger transport
  • Hire of buses with drivers
  • Waste collection services
  • Mail transport by road and parcel transport services

Scope and access for private operators

The proposed changes could make it more difficult for small private operators to win public service contracts as under the revised Directive public authorities could impose targets in terms of the number of ‘clean vehicles’ required to win contracts. The amended Directive should therefore be accompanied by incentives and investment tools to create a business case for the purchase of clean vehicles by private operators.

However, the inclusion of retrofitted vehicles in the definition of ‘clean’ vehicles will give operators more flexibility to be able to win public service contracts.

Support SMEs to switch to cleaner fleets
(EU and national funding)

Flexibility for public authorities and transport operators to meet the targets

Coaches should be excluded from the Directive due to the range of their trips
→ different technology

Technical documents

Download the IRU
Mobility Package 2


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